Although Indonesia has signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) since 2008, the country has not started the ratification process yet. In order to review the exchange information related to the pre-ratification process’s update and gather supports from the relevant stakeholders for Indonesia’s ratification on the CCM, IIS’ Programme on Humanitarian Action (PoHA), led by Muhadi Sugiono and Yunizar Adiputera, organized a two-days focus group discussion. These activities were held with Indonesian Defense University (UNHAN) on 28 December and with the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the following day.
Entitled “Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions and Its Implications for Indonesia’s Defense”, the first day of the focus group discussion was attended by 24 participants, mostly the academics of UNHAN. Also participated Marsma TNI Danardono S. Adji, M.PP (Director of Material, General Directorate of Defense Power, Indonesian Ministry of Defense); Grata Endah Werdaningtyas (Director of International Security and Disarmament Affairs, Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs); and Yusran, M.Si (Chairman of Indonesian Association for International Relations). Using the “Chatham House” rule, the discussion addressed three important points: (i) the current process of CCM’s ratification by Indonesian Government; (ii) substitutes weaponry system of cluster munitions which do not violate the international humanitarian law; (iii) the urgency to ratify the CCM for Indonesia.
On the next day, the team organized short audiences with two agencies in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Center for Research and Development of Multilateral Policies (PPK Multilateral), and General Directorate of Multilateral Affairs. Head of PPK Multilateral, Fikry Cassidy welcomed PoHA-IIS team and discussed the prospective opportunities of cooperation between the two institutions on 2018, especially to produce academic references related to the CCM and other disarmament issues. But the realization should be postponed because the bill of CCM’s ratification has not yet included in the National Legislation Priority by the Parliament. The team also had an audience with Febrian Alphyanto Ruddyard (General Director of Multilateral Affairs) that promised to assist in providing experts, references, and connection with relevant stakeholders, to foster the ratification process in the Parliament. PoHA-IIS and General Directorate of Multilateral Affairs in behalf of Ministry of Foreign Affairs also agreed to arrange future focus group discussion or experts meeting which invites Commission I of DPR (Indonesian House of Representatives) as the vital actor to actualize CCM’s ratification. [NGP/ARY]