Towards the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions: Roundtable Discussion
Toward the end of 2017, Programme on Humanitarian Action-Institute of International Studies of Gadjah Mada University (POHA-IIS UGM) paid a two-day visit to the Universitas Pertahanan (28/12) and the Foreign Ministry of Indonesia (29/12). The visit aimed to share latest developments of ratification process on the Convention on the Cluster Munitions (CCM). Within the events, POHA-IIS UGM also gained supports from stakeholders in Jakarta as well as discussed the advantage Indonesia could get ratifying the Convention. Despite having signed the CCM in 2008, Indonesia has not started the ratification process yet. The team was represented by Muhadi Sugiono, Yunizar Adiputera, Frysa Yudha Swastika, and Nurhawira Gigih Pramono.
On the first day, POHA-IIS UGM held a roundtable discussion on Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions and Its Implications for Indonesian Defense along with Universitas Pertahanan (Unhan). The meeting was attended by 24 people, most of them were lecturers and academic officials. Marsma TNI Danardono S. Adji, M.PP (Director of Material in Directorate of Defense Force, Ministry of Defense), Grata Endah Werdaningtyas (Director of International Security and Disarmament, Ministry of Foreign Affairs), and Yusran, M.Si (Chairman, Association of International Relations in Indonesia). The discussion held with the Chatham House rule generally addressed the latest process of CCM ratification; alternative weapons to CCM which don’t violateinternational humanitarian law; and the importance for Indonesia to ratify the CCM.
On Friday, POHA-IIS UGM conducted a short audience with the Multilateral Policy Research & Development (Multilateral PRD) and the General Directorate for Multilateral Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In the first part of the day, the team was accepted by Fikry Cassidy (Head of Multilateral PRD) and discussed possible cooperation opportunities this year. The Multilateral PRD team and scholars could work together in the production of academic texts. However, the process might only begin when legislature started drafting the bill. Now, rules in the CCM did not even been included in the National Legislation Priority (Prolegnas).
Later in the noon, the team discussed the same matter with Febrian Alphyanto Ruddyard (Director General of Multilateral Cooperation) and his team. Febrian said that the Directorate General of Multilateral Cooperation is ready to assist both in providing respondents, references materials, and network with related stakeholders, in order to push the ratification of CCM to parliament. In addition, the team of POHA-IIS UGM and the Directorate General of Multilateral Cooperation also agreed to hold roundtable discussions involving members of Commission I of the House of Representatives to ensure that the bill could be implemented immediately.